When it all started off in the early 1990s, the Internet Evolution had totally different nuts and bolts. However, as the world started to advance, the technology took certain turns that changed the idea of the Internet and IoT altogether. Although the Internet of Things or IoT came into existence a bit late, its roots commenced long ago in the form of different telecommunication technologies such as telegram. However, all of it dates back to the times of Alexander Graham Bell, who played around with some wires to introduce the idea of telephony.
- 1 Internet Evolution: The invention of Modem
- 2 Connecting Two Distant Computers
- 3 Introducing Email Technology
- 4 Internet Evolution: Standard Internet Protocol
- 5 Naming Websites According to DNS
- 6 World Wide Web Evolution
- 7 Internet Evolution in Internet Surfing
- 8 Mosaic Web Browser
- 9 Web Browser and Yahoo!
- 10 Internet Evolution and Google Search Engine
- 11 The Vulnerability of the Internet
- 12 Blog Publishing
- 13 Social Networking Sites
- 14 Internet Evolution Wrap Up
Internet Evolution: The invention of Modem
In the late 1950s, the first Modem came into shape. Bell Labs invented a new device that could transmit signals over wires to start the dial-up internet that used the phone lines. This was a significant breakthrough in the history of internet evolution. However, a modem designed explicitly for PCs did not come up until 1977. Soon after 1996, the scientists and telecommunication experts came up with the 56k modem, which allowed the users to surf at a rate of 56k bits per second. At present, some internet service providers like Spectrum Internet can download a 1 GB file in about 32 seconds, as compared to a 56k modem, which almost took three and a half to 4 days.
In the older days, whenever you would use the internet, the phone line was put on hold – meaning no one could use it.
Connecting Two Distant Computers
Computer scientists employed the “data packeting” process to link the computers present in two different States. Although communicating the computer data over the modem was possible, the scientists were striving to design a protocol that could pass other information.
Introducing Email Technology
Ever wondered how the @ symbol evolved for Emailing? Well, it would not have been possible if not for Ray Tomlinson, who chose @ as a separator between the user and the domain. Emailing has been evolving, and ultimately, it has taken the shape of what we now know as an Email.
Internet Evolution: Standard Internet Protocol
Robert Metcalfe and his associates discovered a way to connect different computers with each other. This was when the idea of Ethernet took power. Later in 1982, TCP/IP emerged as a protocol for ARPANET. TCP stands for Transmission Control Protocol, and IP stands for Internet Protocol. Quite surprisingly, TCP/IP is still the standard protocol for the Internet as of now.
Naming Websites According to DNS
The next step in the Internet Evolution is DNS. DNS is the acronym for Domain Name System – it establishes a system to name the website ending at .com, .edu, .gov, .org, .net etc. However, previously, a collection of numbers such as 123.456.789.10 was typically used.
World Wide Web Evolution
In 1989, Tim Berners-Lee, a British Scientist, invented the world wide web, commonly known as www. At that time, he was working for CERN. They also introduced the World Wide Web to the public.
Internet Evolution in Internet Surfing
The term Internet Surfing gained popularity in the early 1990s. In June 1992, Jean Polly mainstreamed the idea of “surfing the Internet” by publishing an article in the monthly magazines for Wilson Library Bulletin professionals.
Mosaic Web Browser
At the University of Illinois, Marc Andreesen developed the Mosaic Web Browser after the White House and United Nations started employing the internet. The number of computers connected to the NSFNET grew significantly to over 2 million in 1993. Hence, this caused a need to draw blueprints for a new Internet structure that could support the network’s ever-increasing utilization.
Web Browser and Yahoo!
In 1994, Microsoft launched a Browser supporting Windows 95. Later the same year, Yahoo! Was launched by Jerry Yang and David Filo.
Internet Evolution and Google Search Engine
Netflix launches in 1997, followed by the discovery of the Google search engine in 1998. Thus, this was the breakthrough that changed the way users perceived the internet.
The Vulnerability of the Internet
By the 2000s, the vulnerability of .com websites had been exposed. Different service attacks hit websites such as Yahoo! and eBay.
The first blog publishing platform – what we call today as WordPress was launched back in 2003! It’s been evolving and getting better since then.
Social Networking Sites
By and by, the internet bubble got so popularized that Facebook came into existence in 2004, followed by the unveiling of Mozilla Firefox Browser by Mozilla, YouTube in 2005, Twitter in 2006! When Twitter was launched, the company’s founder – Jack Dorsey, tweeted for the first time, “just setting up my twttr.”
Internet Evolution Wrap Up
Later in the 2000s, Pinterest and Instagram were officially launched. Social networking platforms played a significant role in the revolts of the Middle East. Since then, the internet has become an integral part of our everyday lives, and today, we cannot perform a single task without the intervention of the Internet. Check out Spectrum Internet and you will be amazed at how advanced things have gone.